What is an Art Track on YouTube?
One of the most common areas of confusion among artists distributing their work on YouTube is Art Tracks. Who can view them? Who owns them? Where do they live? Can I see mine? Wait, do I need any Art Tracks?
Let’s start with a simple definition of “Art Track.”
According to YouTube, an Art Track is an automatically generated YouTube version of a sound recording.
An Art Track consists of:
- the sound recording
- the album art
- and metadata about the recording, such as its title and artist name
Why do THEY get to generate a second version of MY music?
It’s a funny way to phrase things, but it doesn’t exactly represent the real process for creating an Art Track. Art Tracks, while not directly related to Content ID Administration, can be viewed by those who have access to the Content Management System (CMS). This could be a direct artist, channel, label, or rights administration company (like CD Baby). But, even though they may appear within the CMS like any other sound recording, Art Tracks are actually a part of a completely separate YouTube distribution service called YouTube Music and are not administered or managed via the CMS. Instead, all metadata changes, conflicts, or topic channel assignments are managed directly by YouTube.
Why Do Art Tracks exist in the first place?
The purpose of Art Tracks is to provide a “single official, label-sanctioned YouTube version of every sound recording.”
Once qualified recordings are identified based on their ISRCs, release identifiers (UPC, EAN, GRid), and labels, YouTube will create Art Tracks for each unique combination of these fields. This is YouTube’s attempt to provide as complete a music catalog and experience as they can. Art Tracks appear in the same places and operate in the same ways as produced music videos, (Like topic channels, album playlists, and search results).
If you think about it, Art Tracks are really just simple, auto-generated music videos…which makes sense if you consider that YouTube is trying to provide you with a music streaming experience on a video-only platform.
YouTube as a music streaming service?
The vast majority of music discovery in developed nations is done via YouTube. When a new album drops, or a friend suggests an artist or album someone might like, most folks turn to YouTube.
Almost all modern produced music can be found on YouTube in one form or another. And if an artist has any sort of digital distribution strategy they will likely opt-in for YouTube content ID. This means that YouTube is sitting on the largest collection of digital music in the world. And, at some point, someone in some office somewhere had that lightbulb moment: Why not offer a way for the average YouTube user to stream the music that’s already been delivered to YouTube?
Users were already creating their own DIY Art Tracks and YouTube wanted to provide official representations of every sound recording they could, so they offered current music administrators the option of having Art Tracks created for their music.
What’s the upside of YouTube Art Tracks?
Art Tracks provide:
- better audio quality
- mobile audio-only playback
- music that could be searchable by topic, related artist, and playlist
Furthermore, these topic channels and playlists would be created and managed by YouTube and not individual users. All of this, of course, was by design and in support of the imminent launch of YouTube’s subscription service: YouTube Red.
As a subscriber, you have the ability to listen to every Art Track on YouTube in an audio-only mode that includes all of the goodness of other streaming services, including high-quality audio and genome playlist creation.
Now, anyone on YouTube can search for and listen to any Art Track that exists on the platform. But a cool feature of YouTube Red subscription is that in audio-only mode, it will always favor the high-quality audio of an Art Track over other versions of the song that inevitably exist on YouTube.
So, let’s say you’re listening to a Michael Jackson playlist and Thriller comes on. Instead of having to listen to the drawn out audio of the (amazing) music video that’s probably the most distributed version of that song on YouTube, you’ll be served up the album version in the highest audio quality available.
User-Generated vs Official Art Track videos
So, Art Tracks are official music videos of songs that are available to all who use YouTube and behave like assets on a music streaming platform. Now let’s pump the brakes here for a minute and look at what an Art Track is to the average observer: it’s a YouTube video that has the artist and song name in the title of the video and displays a static image of the cover art while the song plays.
Not exactly a novel idea. In fact, artists have been throwing together their own version of Art Tracks for years. It’s easy, just upload your album (or your favorite artist’s album) and a pic of the album cover and BAM! You have a user-generated Art Track.
So how does one tell a user-generated Art Track and an official YouTube Art Track apart?
Below are a few examples for your viewing pleasure.
Example #1 – User Generated “Art Track”:
Example #2 – Official Art Track created by YouTube:
For one, the descriptions are a dead giveaway:
- in Example #1, the description has pertinent info that the artist has provided, such as their Bandcamp, iTunes, and Spotify links… as well as links to other videos.
- Example #2 is much more simple and to the point. It contains the track title and artist name, the administrator who provided the track to YouTube (CD Baby, of course) and a copyright tag.
An astute eye will also see that the videos in the “Up Next” queue differ between these two examples in a very specific way:
- Example #2 has a video queued up that’s from the artist’s Topic Channel.
- Example #1 has a video queued up from the artist’s YouTube channel.
This is an important distinction in the behavior of these two assets: Art Tracks beget Art Tracks and UGC videos beget other UGC videos.
Now that you can tell the difference between YouTube-created and user-generated videos, let’s get into how they make money.
How do Art Tracks generate income?
Through Content ID, your music is being actively searched for throughout YouTube. Every video that’s uploaded by every user is scanned and we claim it for you if it contains one of your songs. Once claimed, you begin to get a portion of the revenue that video earns through ad & subscription supported views. So, one song can be identified and claimed in hundreds of videos and earn a portion of the revenue from each and every one of those videos.
With Art Tracks it’s much more simple. Art Tracks also earn their revenue via ad & subscription supported views, but that revenue is only ever going to come from views of that specific Art Track. Art Tracks operate like a song on Spotify, only instead of earning per “stream” you earn per “view” (for subscription supported views) and you earn a share of ad revenue generated by ad-supported views.
YouTube Music vs Content ID
As I state above, Art Tracks and UGC videos earn revenue in the same manner (Ad supported and/or Subscription-Supported views) but since Art Track assets and UGC assets are a part of two different YouTube services, the revenue is distributed and reported separately.
- CD Baby members can see revenue from Content ID (i.e. user generated videos) in their account under: Licensing and Royalties > YouTube Content ID.
- And for Art Tracks, revenue will be posted under: Digital Partner Sales > YouTube Music.
Here’s the part that confuses most artists: You can opt-out of having your music administered through YouTube Content ID (though I really don’t know why you ever would) and still have your music on YouTube as Art Tracks.
How could this possibly be!?!
Since the distribution of music as Art Tracks on YouTube is a separate revenue flow, it is therefore a separate distribution service. And any distribution company worth its salt, such as CD Baby, will allow you to customize your service options to fit your particular needs. So, if you are a CD Baby artist, this service will be listed as YouTube Music under the Digital Distribution Partners list in your member’s account and you can uncheck the box next to it if you feel Art Tracks aren’t for you.
So, let’s review what we’ve covered:
- Art tracks are official sound recording assets for YouTube Music with high-quality audio and a static image of the album art.
- YouTube Music is a digital distribution service, while Content ID is a digital rights administration service.
- Art Tracks are a representation of your work, while Content ID enforces your copyright.
- You can participate in one, both, or neither; your choice!
It’s not the easiest thing to wrap your head around, but there it is. If you have any questions about Art Tracks and whether you currently have any available on YouTube, start by searching on YouTube! Next, contact your digital distributor.
And if you don’t have Art Tracks or a digital distributor, check out CD Baby. We can create your Art Tracks (with YouTube Music) and track your art (with content ID).